The downsizer superannuation contribution allows individuals aged 65 years or over to use the proceeds from the sale of their main residence to contribute to superannuation of up to $300,000.
This reform was part of the Housing Affordability Package announced in the 2017-18 Federal Budget and was legislated on 13 December 2017.
This measure applies from 1 July 2018.
How does it work?
There are 4 main components to be eligible to make this type of contribution
1. The Person
• You must be 65 years or older
• The usual restrictions on contributions such as the work test and having less than $1.6 million in total super balance are disregarded
• The contribution does not count towards any of the superannuation contribution caps
• Must not claim a deduction for the contribution
2. The Home
• Contracts must be exchanged after 1 July 2018 – settlement date is irrelevant
• The home must be in Australia and be affixed to land i.e. not a caravan or a houseboat
• You must have owned the property for at least 10 years (this is based on the original purchase settlement date to the time that legal ownership passes to the new owner (settlement date)
• Held at all times during that period by you, your spouse or former spouse
• There is no need for the non-owner spouse to have been in a relationship for 10 years or more
• The home must be eligible for full or part main residence CGT concession. The property being sold does not have to be the current home; it could be a former home that is now an investment property.
3. The Contribution Cap
The maximum contribution per person under this measure is the lesser of:
• $300,000 or
• The proceeds received from the sale of the property
For example, if a couple sold their home for $1 million, they can contribute up to $300,000 each. However if they sold it for say $400,000, they could only contribute say $200,000 each or a combination up to $400,000.
- 4. Making the Payment
• Contribution must be made to a complying superfund within 90 days after sales proceeds are received
• Complete and submit to the superannuation fund, the tax office approved form (available from 1 July 2018)
Although this measure is called a downsizer contribution, for the person selling, they are not restricted to buying a smaller dwelling. There is no requirement to purchase another property and it is possible to purchase a larger or more expensive replacement property.
It is important to remember, for those receiving social security benefits such as the Aged Pension, the home/main residence is asset test exempt. When the property is sold, the proceeds from the sale is not exempt and any contribution made to a complying superannuation fund will be included the assessment.
The downsizer contribution could assist older Australian upsize their superannuation savings.
However, it is important to seek professional financial advice, in particular those in receipt of Centrelink benefits, before making the decision to make a downsizer contribution.